Pregnancy

Why Indias pregnant women are scared

As many as 1,600 pregnant women in India are currently undergoing emergency contraception in the hope of stopping a deadly birth defect called foetal abruption, a new study shows.

Indian doctors have been forced to administer the drugs to the pregnant women, who are often undernourished and have been told they cannot get more than a handful of doses a day, said Dr. P. S. Nair, a leading Indian obstetrician-gynecologist and professor at the National Institute of Medical Sciences.

Nair said the drugs are meant to prevent foetuses from growing too large, but they have been known to cause severe side effects and lead to serious birth defects.

In the latest case, a 23-year-old pregnant woman who had been pregnant for seven years died of the birth defect after taking the drugs.

She was taken to the hospital with complications.

In recent years, Indian women have been prescribed the drugs at a rate of 2.3 million pills a day.

The drugs are given by injection, and are delivered in a syringe that has to be inserted into the uterus.

The syringe can hold up to 20,000 pills.

They have been used for more than 3,000 abortions in India since 2012, according to the government.

A few months ago, a pregnant woman in Kerala was treated in India for a rare form of foetopneumonia, which causes severe brain damage and leads to death.

The woman was taken off the drugs, but she died two weeks later.

The new study found that more than half of the pregnant Indian women who received the emergency contraception pills in 2016 had a history of foetus-related complications, including the most common complications among the women, according the report by researchers at the Institute of Population Health Research and Health Promotion, an Indian think tank.

Among the patients, the most commonly reported complications were the following:• A low-grade fever of more than 50 degrees Celsius (109 degrees Fahrenheit) that can last for two to six days, and usually is accompanied by headache, nausea, vomiting, fever, headache and body aches.• A high-grade blood sugar of more more than 200 mg/dL (38 mg/dl) that may cause dehydration and severe headaches.• An abnormal heartbeat and rapid heartbeat.• Inflammation of the womb caused by infection, which can lead to miscarriage.• Fetal ablation caused by a rare birth defect that can cause the baby to be born with the head of a lion or a goat.

A woman who takes the drugs is at risk of contracting the fatal foetorabruption, the report said.

Experts have been trying to understand the cause of the foetid foetanetoma since the 1980s, but it is not known if the birth defects are a direct consequence of the drugs or are linked to the drugs being used.

In 2016, the World Health Organization recommended that pregnant women be prescribed emergency contraception because the drugs were unsafe, ineffective and could lead to unwanted pregnancies.

The WHO said the pills should be discontinued after three months.

Indian women have to go through a series of tests before they can be given the pills, and most are denied them due to a lack of resources.

Many pregnant women die of complications that are not life-threatening.

The drugs have to be taken daily, and the government has said they can cause serious side effects.

Some Indian women are reluctant to take the drugs because of their anxiety, but the government says it is working to ensure access to emergency contraception.