When the baby is a boy, it’s time to consider a second pregnancy
A pregnant woman will want a second child if she is pregnant, but she will not necessarily want one in the future.
And while she may not want one now, she may want one later, experts say.
Experts say she should not have an immediate pregnancy and if she has a second baby, it is time to start considering a second, possibly multiple pregnancy.
“It is very rare for the first child to be a girl, but if you are having a second daughter and you want to have a second boy, then that is also a possibility,” said Professor Jennifer Wertheim, a clinical and population epidemiologist at the University of New South Wales in Australia.
“If you have had a first daughter and your second daughter has a similar body shape, then it is not a bad idea to consider having a girl child, because then it will be a little more difficult for her to develop into a boy.”
A study in the Journal of Reproductive Medicine looked at a small group of pregnant women and found that, while the women who were the most likely to have another pregnancy after the first one were more likely to be older and more likely in their 30s, the women most likely not to have the second pregnancy were older and had a shorter duration of pregnancy.
The women with a second pregnancies had a higher risk of complications including miscarriage, preterm labour and low birth weight, compared to those with the first pregnancies.
The researchers looked at the women with their first pregnancies, their second pregnancies and their third pregnancies, and compared the outcomes.
For example, women who had a second abortion had a significantly higher risk for preterm delivery, stillbirth, pre-eclampsia and low gestational age babies, compared with women who did not have a third abortion.
But it is unclear how many women will have another abortion if they do not want a child.
In the study, the researchers found that the number of women who experienced a second or subsequent pregnancy varied from country to country.
They found that women in Europe had the highest rate of having a third or subsequent abortion, with 30 per cent of women in Germany having two or more abortions, compared in France, England and Spain.
Women in Brazil had the lowest rate, with 10 per cent having a pregnancy.
“The study does not show that a third of women with pregnancies of different gestational ages or a different age group have a repeat abortion, which is concerning,” said Dr Wertheimer.
“What it does show is that the rate of abortion in women aged 20-29 in the Netherlands, for example, is very low, and so there is no reason to believe that a further third of these women would be at higher risk.”
Women are also more likely if they have a first child before the age of 30, and are more likely not have another.
However, the number who had multiple abortions was not associated with having a subsequent pregnancy.
Dr Werthelis said it is difficult to tell what is really going on in women’s bodies, so it was important to look at what factors were controlling the number.
She said it was possible that, because the timing of the first pregnancy was not as important as the timing with the second, women had had more time to prepare themselves for the child.
“It may be that the timing and the duration of the pregnancy were related to each other, and if there is a correlation between the timing but not the duration, then the risk is reduced,” she said.
“We don’t know what is causing that correlation.
But that is something that should be investigated.”
She said there were many factors that could be contributing to the increased risk of miscarriage and low-birth weight.
“This is not just about women who are not able to conceive, it does affect other women and their family as well,” she explained.
“Women with a higher birth weight may be at greater risk of having preterm birth and a subsequent preterm baby.
It also relates to the timing, which may be the timing in which you give birth and when you have labour.
There is some research that suggests the longer the pregnancy lasts, the greater the risk of preterm or low birth-weight babies.”
Dr Wettheim said there was a range of risk factors for pre-term births, from a low body mass index to having a previous history of pre-existing conditions such as diabetes, hypertension and smoking.
“Some of these risk factors are associated with a high risk of pregnancy-related complications, such as preterm labor and low fetal weight,” she added.
If you or someone you know is pregnant and is considering having a child, talk to your GP about the risks and benefits of having it, and ask about any health concerns.
A woman can also use contraception to prevent pre-pregnancy complications.
Dr Jann Wenner, from the Australian Pregnancy and Childbirth Association, said